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EUROPEAN BOOK PUBLISHING STATISTICS: FEP Update


The Federation of European Publishers (FEP) represents 28 national associations of publishers from the European Union and the European Economic Area Member States. The present survey is based on reports from the national book publishing associations, and on further analysis and refining of data, for the year 2011. Figures on the overall economic significance of the publishing industry refer to net publishers’ turnover, i.e. the publishers’ total revenues from the sales of books, not the total market for books (margin of booksellers or other retailers). They also do not account for revenues in terms of selling rights for translation, audiovisual adaptation, etc. In some cases, only data on market value was available; in such cases, average discount rates were applied to calculate an approximation of net turnover. Figures were rounded conservatively.

The total annual sales revenue of book publishers of the EU and the EEA in 2010 was approximately €22.8 billion, according to the survey conducted by FEP. This represents a decrease from the last estimate of € 23.5 billion for 2010, with most markets recording a lower turnover than the previous year. The largest markets in terms of publishers’ turnover in 2011 were Germany, followed by the UK, France, Spain and Italy. A total of about 530,000 new titles were issued by publishers in 2010. The figure was taken from
different sources, some of which included new editions or non-commercial titles, and was accordingly rounded conservatively. There was therefore an increase of an estimated 1% in the title output from the previous survey.

European publishers held a total of close to 8.5 million different titles in stock, the countries reporting the largest availability being the UK (4.2 million), Germany (around 1.4 million), Italy (over 700,000), France (over 600,000) and Spain (over 450,000). The countries reporting the largest new titles *output (see note below)  were the UK (149,800), Germany (82,048), Spain (approx. 44,000), France (41,902) and Italy (39,898).

According to the report, a total of approximately 135,000 people were employed full time in book publishing in 2011, an amount basically equal to one year earlier. Beyond the individual figures, it can be noted that up to 2007 there was a clear growth trend both in terms of turnover and of titles output. In 2008 title production kept growing whilst turnover, adjusting for exchange rates effects, experienced what was predominantly a flat year. 2009 showed a slight decrease in turnover (once the exchange rate effect had been accounted for) and a slowdown of title growth. The crisis had less of an impact on publishing when compared to most other sectors (and within the sector, a stronger impact on exports). In 2010, the trend was reverted and growth resumed (especially exports), although favoured by exchange rates. In 2011, the market went down
again, quite independently of exchange rates, and title production growth was sluggish. This analysis relies on the examination of more detailed data from a number of members that represent well over 80% of the total turnover and title production.
European Book Publishing Statistics 2011
2011 2010 2009 2008 2007
Publishers’ revenue from sales of books (bln) 22.8 23.5 23 23.75 24.5
Educational (school) books 18.7% 17.9% 17.6% 15.9% 18.9%
Academic/Professional books 19.5% 20.5% 20% 21.5% 22.5%
Consumer (trade) books 49.8% 49.6% 50.5% 50.6% 48.9%
Children’s books 12.1% 12% 11.9% 12% 9.7%
Sales by area
Sales in the domestic market 80.5% 81.5% 84.4% 83% 82.7%
Exports 19.5% 18.5% 15.6% 17% 17.3%
Sales by distribution channels
Trade (retail and wholesale) 80.9% 78% 79.5% 77.5% 78.3%
Book Clubs 6% 5.7% 5.6% 5.9% 6.9%
Direct 13.1% 16.3% 14.9% 16.6% 14.8%
Number of titles published in period
New titles 530,000 525,000 515,000 510,000 490,000
Number of titles in print (active catalogue) 8,500,000 7,400,000 6,400,000 6,100,000 5,600,000
Number of persons in full-time employment
In book publishing
135,000 135,000 135,000 135,000 140,000
(* Estimates, all figures rounded)
AUSTRIA – HAUPTVERBAND DES ÖSTERREICHISCHEN BUCHHANDELS
BELGIUM – VLAAMSE UITGEVERS VERENIGING – ASSOCIATION DES EDITEURS BELGES
BULGARIA – АСОЦИАЦИЯ БЪЛГАРСКА КНИГА
CZECH REPUBLIC – SVAZ ČESKÝCH KNIHKUPCŮ A NAKLADATELŮ
CYPRUS – PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION OF CYPRUS
DENMARK – DEN DANSKE FORLAEGGERFORENING
ESTONIA – EESTI KIRJASTUSTE LIIT
FINLAND – SUOMEN KUSTANNUSYHDISTYS
FRANCE – SYNDICAT NATIONAL DE L’EDITION
GERMANY – BÖRSENVEREIN DES DEUTSCHEN BUCHHANDELS
GREECE – HELLENIC FEDERATION PUBLISHERS AND BOOKSELLERS
HUNGARY – A MAGYAR KÖNYVKIADOK ES KÖNYVTERJESZTOK EGYESÜLESE
ICELAND – FELAG ÍSLENSKRA BOKAUTGEFENDA
IRELAND – THE IRISH BOOK PUBLISHERS’ ASSOCIATION
ITALY – ASSOCIAZIONE ITALIANA EDITORI
LITHUANIA – LIETUVOS LEIDËJØ ASOCIACIJA
LUXEMBOURG – FEDERATION LUXEMBOURGEOISE DES EDITEURS DE LIVRES
THE NETHERLANDS – NEDERLANDS UITGEVERSVERBOND
NORWAY – DEN NORSKE FORLEGGERFORENING
POLAND – POLSKA IZBA KSIĄŻKI
PORTUGAL – ASSOCIAÇAO PORTUGUESA DE EDITORES E LIVREIROS
ROMANIA – FEDERAŢIA EDITORILOR DIN ROMÂNIA
SERBIA – СРПСКО УДРУЖЕЊЕ ИЗДАВАЧА И КЊИЖАРА
SLOVENIA – SLOVENIAN PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION
SPAIN – FEDERACION DE GREMIOS DE EDITORES DE ESPAÑA
SWEDEN – SVENSKA FÖRLÄGGARE FÖRENINGEN
UNITED KINGDOM – THE PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION

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